52 Ancestors – #14 Charles Johnston

I have been attempting to tidy up my hard drive and came across this piece on Charles Johnston. Why recreate what has already been written. :) It is a mixture of details – those of my family and those of the times. Bare with any inaccuracies as this is a period I am still trying to wrap my head around.

Charles Johnston was born abt 1833 in Ireland. In 1850, he married Mary Ann Brown in Ballymena, County Antrim. She was born abt 1831 in Ireland.

Charles and Mary Ann were married during the famine and in the years following they emigrated to Lanarkshire in Scotland.

Charles and Mary Ann had 9 children: Alexander (born abt 1856), Charles (born abt 1858), Thomas (born 1860), Hugh (born 1862), Robert (born 1864), William (born abt 1867), Mary Ann (born 1868), Elizabeth (born 1870), John (born 1872).


I believe that the Johnstonʼs were Ulster Scots. In 1610, after the Nine Years War, the counties of Antrim and Down were left devastated. It was depopulated and the land was barren. The English Crown began a process of resettling the Province of Ulster, specifically the counties of Antrim and Down, with English, Scots and Welsh settlers. This resettling continued into the 1700ʼs.

In 1641, a catholic rebellion was launched against protestant resettlers. Thousands of protestants were killed by catholics who had been dispossessed of their land. This led to a period of war from 1641 through to 1653 with much of the fighting in the province of Ulster. Atrocities were committed by all and poisoned the relationships between religious groups and communities for many generations.

In the period 1688 – 1691, the Williamite War was fought in Ireland. The Catholics were backing James II who had been deposed by William of Orange during the Glorious Revolution. The Jacobites (Irish catholics) controlled most of Ireland but by 1689, the Ulster Protestants had gained control of Ulster. In the next two years, they captured the rest of Ireland.

With these victories, the protestants held power. Both the Roman Catholics and the Presbyterians (mainly Scots Irish) were discriminated against under the Penal Laws and were unable to gain full political rights enjoyed by their english counterparts.

In the 1690ʼs, a famine in Ireland sent tens of thousands of Scots to Ireland causing them to be the largest group in Ulster.

In the 1790ʼs the Catholics and Presbyterians united to form the United Irishman movement and it had a strong following in Counties Antrim and Down. At the same time there was still violence between the Catholics and Protestants, although mainly Anglicans. The Battle of the Diamond in 1795 resulted in the deaths of 100 or more and the foundation of the Orange Order. Tensions increased as the Penal Laws were relaxed allowing Catholics to purchase land and many began to do business in the linen trade. The Catholics were harassed by the Protestant and the Presbyterian groups – it is estimated that up to 7000 Catholics were expelled from Ulster during this time.

In 1798 the United Irishmen (mainly Presbyterian) rebelled in Ulster against the British Authorities. The British Authorities contained the rebellion and employed severe repression. This with the gradual abolition of religious discrimination after the Act of Union in 1800, led to the Presbyterians identifying more with their Anglican neighbours than their Catholic ones.

In the 1800ʼs, Ulster was the most prosperous province in Ireland. The potato blight was first reported in some european countries in June 1845. By August, the disease appeared in England and a month later in County Antrim. The majority of this crop survived and the last healthy crop until 1850.

“The House of Commons introduced ther Rate-in-Aid Bill in 1849 which set about increasing the levels of financial assistance and support that Poor Law Unions were obliged to provide to the needy and transferring the bill for famine relief from the British to the Irish taxpayer.”

Reference – Wikipedia, Ulster, http://www.wikipedia.com

“The trauma generated by the potato blight was manipulated to present a scenario of north-east versus the rest of Ireland in which ʻAntrim, Armagh and Downʼ (the three richest and most Protestant counties in Ireland) ʻwere to be made the preserves of the paupers of Connaught to graze on.ʼ [Kinealy, This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845-1852, p.260]. The result was that, in 1851, Ulster had the highest arrears of the four provinces. However, in terms of mortality during the tragedy, the town of Belfast suffered as much as the rest of Ireland and indeed, more than the others.” – Sean Stitt, “The Roles & Attitudes of Irish Protestants During the Potato Famine”, Irquas Insight No 2.

It was during this time that Charles and Mary Ann emigrated to Scotland. I suspect that they were greatly affected by the famine, whether directly or through the increased taxation and found that they would be better off looking for opportunities elsewhere.


“The census of 1841 listed 125,000 Irish-born individuals in Scotland, and in the famine of 1848 there were up to 1000 new arrivals a week from Ireland into Glasgow: such a volume of immigration seemed menacing in itself, but there were other reasons to worry. The vast majority of migrants arrived from the province of Ulster, already accustomed to sectarian bitterness. There is little doubt that the Ulster Protestant immigrant, very often already bearing a Scottish surname, found it easier to integrate than the Catholic, and aggressively asserted his Orange and anti-papist sentiments as a way of allying himself o the native Scots and disassociating himself from his fellow Irishmen.” – T C Smout, ʻA Century of the Scottish People, 1830 – 1950ʼ, Fontana Press, 1987.

The family arrived in Scotland after 1851 (as they do not appear in the census) and before March 1856 when Alexander was born. It seems Alexander was born in Airdrie (20 Mill Mynd?). They were living in the village of Greenhill, Shotts in 1861 at house no 28. Strangely, Charles is listed at house no 27. In 1871, they are still in Greenhill although at house no 20. Charles worked in the Iron Mines as in 1856 his occupation was Ironstone Miner, in 1861, Ironstone Drawer and 1871, Ironstone MIner.


Shotts – A Village Built on Coal and Iron
SHOTTS HISTORY GROUP – http://www.monklands.co.uk/shotts/

Shotts is situated half way between Glasgow and Edinburgh and was reputedly called after the legendary giant “BERTRAM de SHOTTS”. Although adjacent to many of the traditional coach roads of bye-gone days it originally consisted of five villages – Dykehead,Calderside, Stane, Springhill and Torbothie with the main interest then around the works area of Calderside. Allanton, Hartwood and Eastfield are now regarded as being “Shotts”.

Shotts really “took off” when the Iron Works started in 1802, ironstone having been mined on Muldron moor near Shotts. Pig iron was made and distributed world-wide. This encouraged an influx of workers into the community, some indeed originating from the Cornwall mines and arriving in Shotts via the Leadhills mines. Coal was subsequently discovered and the “lid was off” so to speak. In the late 19th century there was a large intake of Irish workers, demonstrated by the census returns for 1881 and 1891.

The coal industry at its inception was a series of mines dotted over the area. This later led to the sinking of deep mines as these little seams ran out or were no longer economically viable. These pits were very wet pits and were owned by various factions, some were owned by the Shotts Ironworks Company. Housing was mainly in minersʼ rows.

Around the mid eighteen hundreds the railways came to Shotts and there was a large network of railways around the mines and pits.
Main workshops existed within the Shotts Ironworks employing all classes of craftsmen.

Of interest is the slogan SHOTTS LIGHTS THE WORLD – this because gas lamp standards were made in abundance here and exported worldwide. Relics of the iron works still remain at the ‘Works Corner’ – the water tower, part of the retaining wall and pipes for the power condensers. In this area today we have the Health Centre (on the site of the actual furnaces) the Library, the Leisure Centre and the War Memorial.

In the hard time of the pits, “truck” shops were the rule of the day when men were obliged to buy inferior goods at superior prices in the stores provided by the management. This in turn led to the setting up of the Co-operative movement with the Shotts and Dykehead Co-operative Society Ltd. There were branches all over the town – Dykehead, Calderside, Torbothie, Stane , Springhill and Allanton.

Religion originally centred in St. Catherineʼs at Shottskirk, the Parish church for the area. Shotts itself, as it grew, had a United Free Church (Erskine), Calderhead Church, Congregational Church, Baptist Church, Mission Hall, Gospel Hall, Salvation Army, Episcopal Church and St Patrickʼs Roman Catholic Church – this latter was originally based at Stane but moved centrally around 100 years ago. Amalgamation of churches has taken place recently.

The church was responsible for schooling until the Education Act came into being in 1872. The first school was at Calderhead and as the needs arose schools were opened at Dykehead, Stane, St Patrickʼs and Allanton.

Hartwood Hospital opened in 1894 but an “asylum” was in existence prior to this at Liquo. This was subsequently extended to take in the Hartwoodhill Estate (at one time the home of Lord Deas known as “the hanging judge”). In its heyday there were 1910 beds and it was the largest mental hospital in Scotland. It was self-sufficient in every way and provided employment for many people from the Shotts itself had its own Infectious Diseases Hospital in the Shotts Sanatorium – mainly for tuberculosis, the scourge of the early nineteen hundreds. This latterly became a geriatric unit before its closure. It is now Benhar Cemetery.
In 1867 until 1910 a Curling Club existed. Demonstrating the fact that winters were colder was the fact that not many games were abandoned or cancelled.

The playing of quoits – indeed a Quoiting Club was a mining recreation and men played for a Plaque.
The Minersʼ Welfare Institute was built in 1924 and housed billiards, swimming baths (water polo teams participating country-wide), tennis, bowls and a large hall for dancing and concerts and social occasions. A library was housed here.

The Ironworks had tennis courts and a bowling green; indeed the “Shotts Ironworks Bowling Club” remains today and has been in existence for more than 100 years.


Between 1881 and 1891, Charles arrived in Australia. I have not been able to determine which ship he arrived on. Nor do I know for certain which family members emigrated. I know that his daughter, Eliza emigrated and believe five of his sons also emigrated (Alexander, Thomas, Hugh, William, and John).

In 1887, Charles and Mary Annʼs youngest daughter, Elizabeth (Eliza) married Robert Snedden in West Maitland, NSW. These are my great grandparents and there story is begins here.

Charles died late June 1907 as he was buried on 26 June 1907. The funeral was held at his daughter, Eliza’s in Maitland St, Kurri Kurri. He was buried in Sandgate Cemetery in the Presbyterian Section (Section 18NE, Lot 44).

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52 Ancestors – #13 Elizabeth Snedden

The house where Elizabeth lived in her last days

The house where Elizabeth lived in her last days

Elizabeth Scarlett was the youngest child of William Scarlett and Isabella Brown. She was born in 1869 (baptised in Feb 1869) in Page Bank, Durham in the UK. William was a coal miner who worked in various mines in Durham (evidenced by the varied birth places of his children). In Oct 1870, Elizabeth’s mother, Isabella dies of Philisis Pulmonalis or, as we know it, tuberculosis.

In 1871, the family are living together in Page Bank. At the age of 2, Elizabeth is listed as a scholar. Ten years later in 1881, Elizabeth is living with her brother, Henry (my great great grandfather) at her sister, Mary’s house in Page Bank. In 1876, Mary had married Thomas Waugh, a local coal miner.

In 1886, Elizabeth travelled to Australia with the Waugh family aboard the Energia. The Energia left from Plymouth on 8 April 1886 carrying 624 assisted immigrants. Due to a measles outbreak on board, the Energia went to the Quarantine Station at Spring Cove, Manly. The passengers stayed there about 5 days (Friday to Tuesday) where the ship was fumigated and the passengers clothes cleaned. Apparently the passengers were “highly respectable” and behaved well on the journey.

I think that Elizabeth and the Waugh’s travelled to Wollongong (as Mary’s son, Henry was born in Wollongong in 1887. George Waugh was born in Greta in 1889) and then to the Hunter Valley to join Elizabeth’s brother, George, who had emigrated in 1876. We know that George had been keen for his family to join him as there are records of him placing deposits for his siblings to immigrate in 1882.

In 1890, Elizabeth married Peter Horridge of Lancashire origins in Hawthorn, Victoria. I know that Elizabeth met Peter in Greta as in an advertisement for his business, Alexander & Co, states that he is “late of Greta”. Within the first five years of emigrating to Australia, Elizabeth has moved to the Hunter Valley (possibly Wollongong as well), to Victoria where she married Peter and then on to Quantong near Horsham where Peter set up a Planting & Pruning business with two men from Mildura.

In 1906, The Chronicle newspaper of Adelaide comments, “Mr P Horridge, who is one of the pioneer settlers on the Quantong irrigation colony  has sold his orchard and will be leaving the district shortly.” By 1909, Peter and Elizabeth are living in Tunstall near Mitcham as an orchardist. The irony – Peter and Elizabeth were probably living within 2 kilometres of my house.

By 1919, Peter and Elizabeth are living at Hawthorn (pictured). Peter died in 1922 – the “dearly beloved husband of Lizzie.” Peter and Elizabeth had no children however the ties with family were still strong. Peter was an uncle to his wife’s nieces and nephews and was remembered fondly in the funeral notices.

After Peter’s death, Elizabeth stayed in Hawthorn in their home. She passed away in 1942.

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52 Ancestors – #12 Robert Butterworth

Flower from Cloudehill

Flower from Cloudehill

I’ve decided not to concentrate on weeks but rather numbers. We’ll see how long it takes me to record 52 biographies of my ancestors. So here I go with Robert Butterworth of Manchester, England.

Robert Butterworth was the son of John Butterworth and Catherine Brookes. He was born in Manchester before 26 Jan 1800, the day he was christened. His father, John, was a smallwares weaver according to his marriage certificate.

In 1819, Robert married Ellen Laverey at Manchester Cathedral. His father witnessed the marriage. It is noted that Robert was a smallwares weaver like his father. When I googled   smallwares weaver I found that they made ribbons, tapes and braids.

In the 1841 census, there are 8 children listed as living with Robert and Ellen. Jane (20), Mary (15), John (15), Ellen (13), Catherine (10), Robert (8), Sarah (5), and Thomas (3). Robert and Ellen are listed as weavers, Jane and Mary as winders and John an umbrella maker.

By the 1851 census, Robert is listed as a painter as his 14 year old son, Thomas (who I am descended through). Ellen is employed in domestic duties and their daughters, Ellen & Sarah, are silk binders. They have two younger children who have been added to the brood: Edward who is 8 and Mary Ann, 6 months.

In the 1861 census, Robert and Ellen are living in Crown Court with two boarders. Robert is listed as a house painter.

This is the information that I am sure of. However, between 1819 and 1941, there are 20 years unaccounted for. I have begun to determine where the family was situated by the birth records of their children. Although this is somewhat fraught as the names Robert, Ellen and Butterworth are quite popular in Manchester during this period. Word to the wise: there is another Butterworth family of weavers living in Rochdale that are not this family.

In 1820, their daughter, Jane is baptised at Manchester Cathedral. There is no record of where the family are living or Robert’s profession.

Their son, John is baptised in 1825 at the Holy Trinity Church in Shaw, Greater Manchester. It appears that Shaw is located between Oldham and Rochdale and that the family have moved out of Manchester. Their abode is listed as Sandhole. Quick researching on the net reveals that Shaw was the town Shaw and Compton which was a major town in the cotton industry trade in the 1800’s and was the home of many large factories. Wikipedia tells me that Luddites rioted here in 1826 in protest as the standard of living dropped. Hand weavers were competing against mechanised machinery and were unable to keep apace. It would be interesting to know how involved Robert and Ellen were.

Mary was born around 1826 (although I am struggling to find a record outside the 1841 census).

Catherine was baptised in 1833. Catherine is baptised at Manchester Cathedral and the family are listed as living in Manchester. Catherine was born in November 1829.

Ellen is listed in the census as being born around 1829 in Manchester. I am still searching for a record for her. Robert William was baptised in in 1833 in the Manchester Cathedral.

Sarah, who also appears in the census, is born around 1835 and Thomas in 1837. However, I can not find either of these records. Nor can I find Edward who was born c1843 or Mary Ann c1850.

It is difficult to imagine what life was like for the Butterworths during this period. I have researched mining in the north of England and in Lanarkshire, Scotland. I’ve researched Victorian London. From what I can see at a glance, Manchester during this time was similar for the people working in the cotton mills. An article in Wikipedia states that there were 25 mills in Lancashire in 1841 employing approx 1000 people. By 1860, there were 2650 mills employing approx 440,000 people. These figures demonstrate that cotton industry grew quite significantly during a 20 year period. A cotton famine from 1860-65 (due to the American Civil War and a drop in the availability of cotton) may be the reason for Robert’s change in occupation.

I have attempted to find where exactly the family lived in the 1841 census. The census states that they were living in Nicholas St near Old Mount St in Salford. Nicholas St is now Naples St and in the vicinity of St Michael’s Church and Angel Meadow.

From Friends of Angel Meadow

From Friends of Angel Meadow

The Friends of Angel Meadow have documented the history of the area (there is even a You Tube clip) and make reference to Friedrich Engels (Karl Marx’s co-writer of the Communist Manifesto) who was appalled by the conditions of the working class in Manchester. In his book, The Condition of the Working in England in 1844, he writes about Angel Meadow:

“Such is the Old Town of Manchester, and on re-reading my description, I am forced to admit that instead of being exaggerated, it is far from black enough to convey a true impression of the filth, ruin, and uninhabitableness, the defiance of all considerations of cleanliness, ventilation, and health which characterise the construction of this single district, containing at least twenty to thirty thousand inhabitants. And such a district exists in the heart of the second city of England, the first manufacturing city of the world.

If any one wishes to see in how little space a human being can move, how little air — and such air! — he can breathe, how little of civilisation he may share and yet live, it is only necessary to travel hither. True, this is the Old Town, and the people of Manchester emphasise the fact whenever any one mentions to them the frightful condition of this Hell upon Earth; but what does that prove? Everything which here arouses horror and indignation is of recent origin, belongs to the industrial epoch.”

From what I can gather, the family lived in this area, or near enough to it, until the death of Robert and Ellen.


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My Ancestor Score

I saw this idea on Barbara Schmidt’s blog and was instantly curious to see what mine was. The table below shows the results.Ancestor ScoreGeneration 7 is the generation that were born in the late 1700’s and can generally be found in the census data and would explain why I have found 80% of them. Looking through the census data helped me to quickly determine who was who as did the publishing of the London Archives images. Quite a few of my lines passed through London in the 19th century.

Generation 8-13 require work looking parish records. As most records are not online and are not indexed, it is a time consuming process that can’t easily be undertaken from a distance. If we were to look my percentage to generation 10 (bc I want to make it look better) I have found 20% of my ancestors. Still lots of work to go but not as scary daunting.

What I love about this spreadsheet is how it quickly highlights where I should be concentrating my research efforts to identify new ancestors.

As I am currently trying to write bios on identified ancestors, I thought it would also be helpful to note how many I have achieved so far.

Generation 4 = 2/8 (25%)
Generation 5 = 5/16 (31%)
Generation 6 = 4/32 (12%)
Generation 7 = 2/64 (3%)
Generation 8 = 2/128 (1.5%).

That’s a total of 15/248 (6%). Still some work to go.

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52 Ancestors Wk11 – Maria Moss

Wash drawing of the Synagogue from Duke's Place, c. 1820 (www.wikipedia.com)

Wash drawing of the Synagogue from Duke’s Place, c. 1820 (www.wikipedia.com)

Maria Moss is my third great grandmother on my father’s side and was the first of her line to emigrate to Australia. Turns out, she is a rather interesting woman in more ways than one.

Maria was born in September 1822 (according to her baptism record of 1852) to George Moss, a hawker, and Rachael, nee Davis. George and Rachel appear to be Ashkenazi Jews who worshipped in the Great Synagogue in London. At the very least, records show that they were married there on 5 Sep 1821. George was the son of Joseph Moss and Rachael the daughter of Moche Davis.

On 16 Nov 1840, Maria married Thomas Lane, the son of George and Sarah Lane (both deceased). They were married at St Dunstan’s Church in Stepney. Maria was 17 and Thomas 22. In 1841, the census states that they were living in Princes Square, Stepney with Maria’s parents.

The first record I have of Thomas and Maria having a child is the birth of Selina Maria in 1843. Selina is recorded as being born in Whitechapel. Selina was followed by George in 1844 and Rebecca in 1846.

In 1848, the Lane family left London for New York. They arrived 7 Nov 1848 aboard the Devonshire. It is possible that the journey took them less than 30 days. Imagine – a five year old, a four year old and a two year old on a boat for 30 days. It sounds like your worst nightmare. Two days after they arrived, Selena’s death is recorded.

It is assumed that Thomas was headed for California and the allure of gold. It is doubtful whether the family made it there. In 1849, another daughter, Adelaide, was added to the brood. She was born in New York. In early 1850, George has died at the age of 6. By Jul 1850, the family are back home in London for the baptism of Rebecca and Adelaide. The dreams of a new life had not panned out.

Rebecca and Adelaide were christened at Christ Church in Watney St, Tower Hamlets. The family are living at 11 York St (with another Lane family – William, Thomas’s brother, and wife, Mary) and Thomas is listed as a Wheelwright.

Thomas, my 2nd great grandfather, was born in September 1850. He was baptised at 3 months old. The family were living at Commercial Rd. A year later, both Thomas and Maria were baptised at St Philip’s Church, Stepney. Maria’s is listed as an adult baptism while I can’t make out the wording beside Thomas’s. I am assuming the purpose of the baptism was so that they could emigrate to NSW.

The family left London for NSW aboard the Meteor. The Meteor left Southhampton on March 17  and arrived in Sydney on 6 Jul 1853. A report in the South Australian Register on 25 July 1853 states that “she has on board 106 unmarried females, 89 married couples and 40 children.” Three of these children (aged 7, 6 and 3) were Lanes. The article continues stating, “She has been very fortunate with respect to health among the immigrants, having lost only two children.” We can imagine that the death of two children would have bought additional anxiety to a family who had lost two already in similar circumstances.

Maria’s sixth child, Maria Rachel, was born in Sept 1853 in Glebe, NSW. I have moved several times in my adult life and many times with children. All my moves have been undertaken in ease with movers and plane travel. When we moved to the USA, I was four months pregnant with my son. It wasn’t horrible but don’t think I would have relished a four month journey by sea with three other children.

The family were still living in Glebe in 1855 when James Henry was added to the brood. He died in 1856. Alfred William was born in Nov 1856 while the family were still living in Glebe.

By 1859, the family had moved to Armidale and were situated at Saumarez. In 1861, Annie Isabella was born. The family settled into the community at Saumarez Ponds and Maria saw the marriage of her children with local families.

Maria died in 1906 at 73 St Johns Rd, Glebe. She outlived her husband, Thomas, by 9 years. It is to be assumed she was staying with her daughter Adelaide Thorpe who reported her death.

So many histories are written about the man as, traditionally, they have been the main income earners and, as such, determined the course a family travelled. It is impossible to determine what influence Maria had on the decisions the family made. However, we can see that she was a strong woman who supported and was actively involved in, what we assume, were the dreams of her husband. She was a pioneer who overcame adversity and lived to the ripe old age of 83.


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52 Ancestors Wk10 – Thomas Hutchby

From Gerald's Garden

From Gerald’s Garden

Last year I tried, unsuccessfully, to write about a different ancestor each week for a year. I made it to number 9!! I’m blaming changes at work which threw me. My mind has been used to a higher degree in the last six months. Hopefully I’ve adjusted and will be able to find time for writing. Let’s hope. In any case, even though the challenge is over, I’m going to continue and see if I manage 52 ancestors in a two year period.

This page to Thomas Hutchby was set up by me in May with absolutely nothing beyond the subject line.  I don’t have many facts regarding Thomas but I do believe that the ones I have pieced together are accurate.

Thomas is the father of George Hutchby, the father of Phebe who I have written on previously. The Hutchby family were from London although I don’t know whether Thomas was. It is believed he was born around 1782. Possibly in Rutland.

Trying to remember why you believe a person is part of your tree can be tricky. After an hour of clicking back through records, I’ve remembered. I have no proof that Thomas is George’s dad. I can’t find George’s birth records. However, a George Hutchby is the witness at Thomas’s daughter, Scoti’s wedding to William Upton Calderwood in 1833. I am fairly confident in my deductions as my search of the 1841 census returns 7 Hutchby’s living in Middlesex.

Back to Thomas. In 1799, a Thomas Hutchby married a Janet Robertson in Perth, Scotland. Thomas was a Corporal of the Rutland Light Dragoons. I am struggling to find information in a quick google search but believe that the regiment may have been created to provide defences against possible invasions by Napoleon in the late 18th century. It’s a theory.

Their first child, George, was born around 1800. He was followed by Sarah in 1804. She was christened in Dec 1804 at St Clement Danes, Westminster (although I can’t find this record in the London Archives). Ann Petit was born in 1809 in the parish of St James, Piccadilly. Amelia came along in 1811 and was christened at Saint Martin in the Fields. Scoti was also born in 1811 (may be Amelia?). Thomas Alexander was born abt 1813 and died at the age of 2. He was buried at St Mary Le Strand. The families abode is given as 25 Swan Yard. Most of the information I can see on Swan Yard points to it being a poorer area that experienced periods of rapid growth in the early 1800’s turning it into a slum area.

In 1807, Thomas was convicted of a felony and spent a period of time on the prison hulk, Prudentia. He was convicted for stealing a stone bottle and 3 gallons of brandy. He was convicted and sentenced to 7 years transportation. However, trying to read the remarks section (which is faint) it appears he was pardoned and released from the hulk in Mar 1808.

I found it hard to follow the story that the trial notes tell. It appears that Thomas was working for William Bramwell who was a wine and brandy merchant in Soho. It appears that Thomas was a ‘carman’ (possibly a delivery man) who worked at Bramwell’s for three years. Some of the witnesses state that he lived at Bramwell’s while another states that he lived with his wife at ‘the Plough in Crown St, Soho’. During the cross examination of Mary Mallows (the wife of Robert Mallows, who worked with Thomas), it came out that she was there to ensure her husband was not seen to have any culpability in the offence. Thomas called two character witnesses. The End.

Thomas died in 1825 aged in his mid to late 40’s. His abode at the time of his death is recorded as ‘Off Alley’.

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52 Ancestors Wk9 – Cornelius Clutterbuck

Fuschias in my garden

Fuschias in my garden

I find Cornelius Clutterbuck fascinating. I know very little about him yet he has an intense appeal. Why? His name! Cornelius Clutterbuck. It’s fantastic.

Cornelius was born in c 1769 to Elizabeth Clutterbuck. According to parish registers of Stroud (cited at The Clutterbuck Blog) he was baptised 7 April 1769. It is to be assumed that his mother, Elizabeth, was unwed as his father’s name is not given and he shares the same surname as his mother.

He married Sarah Keen on 19 July 1791 in the parish church of Stroud. By the 1793, Cornelius and Sarah appear to have joined the Rodborough Tabernacle. The Rodborough Tabernacle was built around 1766 by Thomas Adams who had been influenced by the preaching of George Whitefield. The baptisms of their children (Mary, James, Elizabeth and Sarah) were noted in the Tabernacle records.

In the 1841 Census, Cornelius and Sarah were living in Denmark St in St Giles in the Fields parish. Cornelius was employed as a porter. Denmark St was situated in what was known as ‘The Rookery’. It was the most notorious slum in London. The people were living in poverty without sanitation and complained in 1849, “We live in muck and filth. We aint got no priviz, no dust bins, no drains, no water-splies, and no drain or suer in the hole place.” (‘London parish’s descent from glamour to grime charted in exhibition’, Maev Kennedy, The Guardian, 2011).

Cornelius died in Sept 1842 and was buried in the Non Conformist cemetery Bunhill Fields. His burial record states that he was living at 26 Coppice Row, Clerkenwell. He was 73 years old.

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