Manchester Times – 4 June 1870

The Chairman pronounced sentence upon Edward Lavery, alias Edward Butterworth, Frederic Clark, and Thomas Butterworth, who were on Saturday found guilty of stealing a cashbox containing 200 pounds from the Duke of York Inn, Regent Road, Salford, the property of William Bolton, on the 27th April. The facts of this case, which has excited a good deal of interest, have appeared from time to time as the magisterial investigations have proceeded.

Lavery .. had begun his career of vice and crime at the age of 12 years, and had continued it ever since, increasing, as it went on, the magnitude of his offences. In 1855 he was twice convicted under the Juvenile Offenders Act; again thrice in 1856; once in 1857; in 1858 he was tried for stealing a watch, but was acquitted; in 1859 he was again brought up as a reputed thief; in October 1860, under the name of Edwin Butterworth, he was sent from Preston to penal servitude for 6 years, along with Thomas Butterworth who then went under the name Thomas Lavery, for stealing money from the person. At the sessions of 1865 he was again acquitted; and at the Manchester sessions in 1868, under the name of Thomas Bramwell, he was convicted, with another man, of housebreaking, when the recorder, not knowing his previous character, only sentenced him to a term of thirteen months imprisonment.

As to the prisoner Butterworth, he began his career of vice later than Lavery. His first appearance in a police court were, twice in 1854; then as a reputed thief, twice in 1855; at the Salford sessions in 1856, he was sentenced to six months for theft; in 1857, he was again up as a reputed thief; in 1860, he was convicted at Preston, with his half brother Lavery, and sent into penal servitude for six years. He (Mr Higgin) did not entertain the least doubt that the three prisoners belonged to the notorious Charter Street Gang.

The robbery of which they had been found guilty showed much deliberation in their plans, and a consummate amount of skill; they had, by some means known solely to such adepts in dishonesty, made themselves acquainted with the place where the prosecutor kept the cashbox, long before the day when they stole it. It was quite time that the Charter Street Gang should be broke up, and the Court, as far as possible, was determined to break it up. He and his fellow magistrates had well considered what their duty was at to the present case; and, not withstanding all that Mr Cottingham and Mr Torr, the counsel for the defence, had urged on behalf of the prisoners, they felt it to be their duty to send all three prisoners into penal servitude. The sentence of the Court was that Lavery should be sent into penal servitude for twelve years, Butterworth for ten years, and Clark for five years. – The prisoners were then removed.